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With a 'how-to' focus, these resources highlight hot topics and emerging issues among organizations working to prevent and reduce homelessness. Informed by front-line experience, each resource has ideas about effective strategies, pointers to additional sources of information, and can be adapted to a variety of situations.

Resource Name Author Date
Smith, A, Saewyc, E, Albert, M, MacKay, L, Northcott, M, and The McCreary Centre Society (2007)
June 2007
A study spanning 9 British Columbia communities, with findings based on surveys completed by street youth. Findings are focused on family relationships, school & work, physical and sexual health, as well as violence. The research provides a perspective of regular factors in the life of marginalized BC youth, and can be of assistance in guiding the development of comprehensive program and policy development suited towards current needs.
Open Door Centre: Building Community Assets Toronto
June 2004
Describes a community based process to identify or 'map' the individual assets and skills of 300+ users of a drop-in centre for homeless and at-risk individuals. Find out how the research generates knowledge that is a base for new community economic development initiatives. Goals, methodology, results, and lessons learned are discussed.
Valine Vaillancourt, City of Hamilton
June 2003
This paper provides an overview of how the City of Hamilton’s homeless and street outreach team was strengthened and expanded through partnerships founded on sharing staff between diverse agencies. The Mental Health/Outreach Team is a program within with Community Programs Branch of Public Health and Community Services in the City of Hamilton. The partnerships between agencies resulted in increased community capacity to work with homeless and at-risk individuals. Selected bibliography provided.
October 2004
CitizenShift is a web magazine that integrates written, audio and visual media and provides a space where filmmakers and citizens can share knowledge, be entertained and most importantly debate social issues. Over the last year CitizenShift has done a number of features on homelessness; the site can be searched to access this material.
Jordan Gail
October 2005
A summary of the extent of problem of homelessness in Lethbridge which documents the existence and assists in developing effective response strategy.
Clayton Buchanan
October 2006
As with homelessness counts conducted during previous years in Lethbridge, dedicated community members have spent time identifying what homelessness looks like in their community. Data obtained from this effort will help in understanding possible service gaps, and will give direction to the planning of the City of Lethbridge homeless initiative.
Raising the Roof / Chez Toit
June 2003
Thinking about how your organization can partner with the private sector in a way that meets shared goals? This step-by-step guide outlines key issues and tips for non-profits wanting to know how to pursue corporate partnerships.
Homelessness Action Group with Individual Contributors
March 2003
A resource to inspire and encourage faith communities to take action on homelessness. Use this kit as a tool in mobilizing your own community.
The Pas Family Resource Centre Inc. & RCMP 'D' Division
January 2003
Developed for police officers, this pamphlet on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a sample of materials being developed for a policy and community training initative. With information on the physical and mental defects caused by alcohol use during pregnancy, this pamphlet outlines:

- key terminology;

- ways to identify those who may be affected by FASD; and

-ideas for working more effectively with FASD individuals in emergency situations.

An information and training resource for staff in community agencies is currently in development.
September 2005
A project established with the purpose of providing information on the size and nature of the homeless population in Greater Vancouver.
Jan I. Richardson of the Centre for Research on Violence Against Women & Children in London
This guidebook was written for those individuals who have chosen to dedicate a time in their life to work with abused, children and their abusers. It attempts to recognize the unique experience of anti-violence workers in Canada and to promote individual, professional and organizational solutions to support them.
Fraser Health, Jim Woodward and Associates Inc.
February 2006
As the result of a contract between Fraser Health and Progressive Housing Society, A Summary Report of Homelessness in Burnaby was commissioned to provide: a profile of the homeless and those at risk of homelessness in Burnaby; a list of services for the homeless in Burnaby; and a list of gaps or needed services in the community.
Mikiko Terashima, Louise VanWart
March 2007
A compilation of academic and non-academic research on housing and homelessness issues in the Halifax Regional Municipality.
Homelessness Action Group
March 2005
Housing Language is a list of terms, and their definitions, frequently used in regards to housing.
Homelessness Action Group and Individual Contributors
March 2003
This resource aims to stimulate discussion within faith groups about investing in affordable and social housing. The kit tackles topics such as legal considerations in adopting an investment policy that includes social as well as economic goals; how faith group endowments can made a difference; role of trustee guidelines in facilitating mission-based investing; risks and financial returns in investing in affordable housing; and existing vehicles for investing in social and affordable housing.
Victoria Shen
September 2006
InvolveYouth 2: A Guide to Meaningful Youth Engagement
Transitions for Youth
January 2007
A report representing the discussions and findings of a community research project undertaken by the Halton Transitional Housing Study for Homeless Youth Steering Committee. Focus is on key themes and activities which have been found to be important for the success of transitional/supportive housing programs for youth. Also identified are key elements in both the housing models (physical structure) and service models (support structure) and service models (support structure) deemed important to the well-being of youth.
National Homeless Initiative
November 2003
A series of case studies of communities that are participating in the National Homeless Initiative aas well as programs that recieve funding from the NHI. Outlined within are community actions both prior to and in response to the initiative, as well as lessons learned from the experience of these efforts.
Matthew MacNeil, Housing Strategies Inc.
May 2004
Offers step-by-step guidelines for developing a strategy to address community opposition to your proposed housing project. Helps you identify what you need to know, who should be involved, and how to plan and implement your strategy.
Raising the Roof
November 2002
An educational package designed to inspire discussion and action on what causes homelessness and how we can all play a part in finding solutions. Geared for youth, adaptable for use in the classroom, within faith communities, social service clubs and beyond.Resource includes information on homelessness in Canada, ideas for activities, discussion topics, role plays, and strategies for taking action.
Ontario Non-Profit Housing Association
May 2004
A concise overview of affordable housing issues leading up to the June 28 federal election. Here are facts, strategies, and policy directions you can raise with the candidates seeking election in your community.
The result of research aiming to broaden the discussion of the causes of retail decline along Hastings Street of Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside. The study is a long-term observation of changes in the retail storefront use along Hastings Street spanning a quarter of a century from 1976 to 2001. These changes are considered with respect to overall trends in the Lower Mainland, with the findings being compared to demographics of the surrounding community. A summary of the issues and possible opportunities for remedy are also explored.
Thomas Sidney
June 2005
The results of a survey wherein the responses of disenfranchised Ottawa youth provide insight to the nature of the conditions they have faced during their street experiences.
Various Contributors
March 2003
Provides practical tips on following a vision; dealing with NIMBY; cultivating relationships, including connections with politicians; staying focussed on neighbours and neighbourhoods; speaking out at public meetings; and ideas for action amomg faith groups.
Pollara Strategic Public Opinion & Marketing Research
November 2005
A public opinion survey, sponsored by Direct Energy and Raising the Roof, was conducted from November 11th to the 15th, 2005. Questions were asked regarding Canadians perceptions about the issue of homelessness. These are the results.
Ontario Non-Profit Housing Association (ONPHA)
March 2003
Based on the 2003 Provincial Election in Ontario, this kit provides tips on how to reach candidates seeking office and raise awareness about affordable housing. Use these ideas wherever you live and mobilize your community around housing issues in time for the next election.
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Outlines several techniques and strategies that municipalities can use to shorten the time spent on development approvals. Focused on fast tracking of developments with affordable housing components and addressing Not in My Back Yard (NIMBY) attitudes in order to bring about lower housing costs.
FCJ Refugee Centre
July 2005
The Refugee Help in Refugee Hands Kit of Materials consists of samples of forms that are part of the refugee determination process, samples of letters from lawyers, samples of country documentation and research, materials produced by different organizations, such as the Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO) and the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, as well as other relevant materials.
Alliance to End Homelessness in Ottawa, CRCS, & SPCO
August 2004
This resource includes the preliminary information gathered prior to development of the First Report Card on Homelessness in Ottawa, 2004, by the Alliance to End Homelessness in Ottawa. Part 1, a Review of the Literature was undertaken by The Centre for Research in Community Services at the University of Ottawa to provide a brief overview of the literature on report card methodology, including the history and current status of report cards, the purposes and processes of developing and formulating report cards, the dissemination and translation of report cards, and suggestions for the Ottawa report card on homelessness in light of the findings uncovered in the literature review. Part ll, Indicators and Canadian Report Cards was undertaken by The Social Planning Council Ottawa to look at the various report cards done in Canada, and first isolate the possible indicators that might be used to assess homelessness in a community and then provide an analysis of those Report Cards to create a picture of the range of possibilities the Alliance might consider in its First Report Card.
Urban Core Support Network, Saint John NB
November 2002
A user-friendly guide to navigating the income assistance system in New Brunswick. Informed by individuals seeking social assistance and developed through inter-agency collaboration, this resource can be replicated in communities across Canada. Contents include: rights and responsibilities; applying for income assistance; housing and shared living; assets and income; health card; emergencies; disabilities and long-term needs; personal and family development; work, education and training; appeals; and community resources. 44 pages with illustrations.
June 2006
Toronto's Street Needs Assessment is the result of a collaboration of community agencies, individuals, City Divisions and provincial ministries and contains information on the service needs of the city's homeless.

The report outlines the results and key indicators from a street-level survey conducted on April 19th 2006; wherein people who were homeless had a chance to make their voices heard.
Youth Shelter Interagency Network (YSIN)
February 2007
A look at YSIN's approach to youth shelter needs in Toronto. Emphasis on shelter budgets & funding and the removal of gaps in service provision.
Steven Zhou
February 2003
Developed to address the severity of homelessness in the Municipality of London. Aimed towards the effects of homelessness on the community, including factors such as economic pressure, health and crime; in addition to the potential for stabilizing support to be made with increased involvement from businesses.
Alliance to End Homelessness, Centre for Research on Community Services at the University of Ottawa
October 2005
This resource outlines the development of the First Report Card on Homelessness in Ottawa for 2004 as a public awareness document that would portray the homelessness situation clearly, accurately and effectively for the community. The steps undertaken are detailed: a literature review and examination of other Canadian reports, a community consultation within the sector, the process to develop content and indicators then produce, launch and distribute it, followed by an evaluation of the First Report Card.
Harvey Low
May 2005
The purpose of the “Tips & Traps” presentation is to demonstrate: homelessness research & Toronto’s shelter data; how research helps address homelessness; and the “demography” of homelessness. The goal is to provide a “TIPS & TRAPS” guide for others exploring the use of shelter data for similar purposes.
City of Hamilton Public Health Department
June 2005
Provides tips on identifying and working with homeless individuals in healthcare settings. Developed in collaboration with hospital and shelter staff in Hamilton, ON, this kit can be used as a model for any community working to improve discharge planning for homeless patients from medical services. is the outcome of a unique project of the Toronto Youth Cabinet (TYC) and 211. The site features the 211 Youth Services Directory, a comprehensive, online guide to programs and services for youth in Toronto. Quarterly issues will feature articles on specific topics.
Homelessness Action Group and Individual Contributors
March 2003
This kit presents options for using property owned by faith communities to address local homelessness concens. It demonstrates how partnerships with service providers can work for faith communities wanting to make better use of their assets and provides concrete examples of successful projects initiated by faith groups. The kit also provides a sample development consulting contract and sample capital and operating budgets.
Victoria Cool Aid Society
August 2005
A comprehensive profile on homelessness in the Greater Victoria area. This report is assembled to guide program development and inform about the needs of shelters, housing, and healthcare.
HomeComing, Community Choice Coalition
November 2003
A tool kit focussing on the community consultation process, and how to deal with widespread fears and prejudices about mental illness. While designed for organizations wanting to develop supportive housing, it is also useful for housing developers encountering opposition because of the people they house.

The kit describes the rights of people with mental illness under the Ontario Human Rights Code and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms; outlines the planning approvals process; helps supportive housing developers know what to expect; suggests ways to prepare for community consultation; describes strategies for navigating through opposition; offers answers to typical objections to housing for people with mental illness.
Raising the Roof
November 2007
Youthworks is an initiative founded in January of 2006 with the purpose of exploring effective strategies that can be applied to end youth homelessness in Canada. This issue includes details on September's Beyond the Street conference in addition to a look at some of trends revealed amongst the homeless & at-risk that Youthworks has connected with since it's beginnings.
Raising the Roof
June 2006
Youthworks is an initiative founded with the purpose of exploring effective strategies that can be applied to end youth homelessness in Canada. Since January of 2006, Youthworks has been working with partner agencies involved with homeless youth in order to find what practices and programs are most effective at moving homeless youth towards financial independence and self-sufficiency. Recommendations for funding priorities and encouragement to private sector employers are available to enable better support to build futures for homeless youth.

Watch for upcoming resource on harm reduction.


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